Zinc (Zn)

General Properties

Symbol Zn
Atomic Number 30
Atomic Weight 65.409
Group
12 (zinc family)
IIB (IUPAC), IIB (CAS)
Solid, Diamagnetic, Conductor, Transition Metal, Metal, Stable, Natural
Period 4
Block d

Physical Properties

Density 7.13 g/cm3
Atomic Volume 9.2 cm3/mole
Atomic Radius 1.38 angstroms
Covalent Radius 131 pm
Crust Abundance 0.0078%
Crystal Structure Hexagonal
Color Slate Gray

Energy

Electronegativity 1.7 (Pauling Scale)
Electron Affinity 0 kJ/mol
1st Ionization Energy 906 kJ/mol
2nd Ionization Energy 1733.3 kJ/mol
3rd Ionization Energy 3833 kJ/mol
4th Ionization Energy 5731 kJ/mol
5th Ionization Energy 7970 kJ/mol
6th Ionization Energy 10400 kJ/mol
7th Ionization Energy 12900 kJ/mol
8th Ionization Energy 16800 kJ/mol
9th Ionization Energy 19600 kJ/mol
10th Ionization Energy 23000 kJ/mol
11th Ionization Energy 26400 kJ/mol
12th Ionization Energy 29990 kJ/mol
13th Ionization Energy 40490 kJ/mol
14th Ionization Energy 43800 kJ/mol
15th Ionization Energy 47300 kJ/mol
16th Ionization Energy 52300 kJ/mol
17th Ionization Energy 55900 kJ/mol
18th Ionization Energy 59700 kJ/mol
19th Ionization Energy 67300 kJ/mol
20th Ionization Energy 71200 kJ/mol
21st Ionization Energy 179100 kJ/mol
Specific Heat Capacity 0.388 J g−1 K−1
Thermal Conductivity 116.0 W·m−1·K−1

Electrons & Oxidation

Oxidation States 2
Electrons Per Shell 2 8 18 2
Electron Configuration [Ar] 3d10 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2
Orbital Diagram
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3s
↿⇂
3p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4s
↿⇂
4p
 
 
 
4d
 
 
 
 
 
4f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

Radioactive No

Media

Planetary Bohr Model of Zinc (Zn)
Description
Bluish-silver, ductile metal.
Uses
Used to coat other metal (galvanizing) to protect them from rusting. Also used in alloys such as brass, bronze, nickel. Also in solder, cosmetics and pigments.
Sources
Found in the minerals zinc blende (sphalerite) (ZnS), calamine, franklinite, smithsonite (ZnCO3), willemite, and zincite (ZnO).
Pronounciation (English)
ZINK

Translations

Afrikaans Sink
Aragonese Zinc
العربية خارصين
Armãneashte Tsincu
asturianu Cinc
azərbaycan dili Sink
български Цинк
বাংলা জিঙ্ক
brezhoneg Zink
bosanski Cink
Byelorussian Цынк
Cebuano Zinc
čeština Zinek
Chuvash Цинк
Cymraeg Zinc
dansk Zink
Deutsch Zink
Ελληνικά Ψευdαργυρος
English Zinc
esperanto Zinko
español Zinc
eesti Tsink
euskara Zinka
فارسی روی
suomi Sinkki
føroyskt Sink
français Zinc
furlan Zinc
West-Frysk Sink
Gaeilge Sinc
Gàidhlig Sinc
galego Cinc
ગુજરાતી જસતનો
Gaelg Shinc
Hakka Chinese Sîn (鋅)
עברית אבץ
हिन्दी जस्ता
hrvatski Cink
magyar Cink
հայերեն Ցինկ
Indonesia Seng
íslenska Sink
italiano Zinco
日本語 亜鉛
ქართული თუთია
کٲشُر Cynk
қазақ тілі Мырыш
한국어 아연
Kurdish Çînko
Komi Цинк
kernewek Synk
кыргызча --
Latin Zincum
Lëtzebuergesch Zénk
Lombard Zinch
lingála Zɛ́nki
lietuvių Cinkas
latviešu Cinks
Mari Цинк
Maori Konutea
македонски Цинк
മലയാളം നാകം
монгол Цайр
Мокшан Цинка
Bahasa Melayu Zink, ²Seng
Malti Żingu
Nahuatl Zinc
Nederlands Zink
norsk Sink
Occitan Zinc
ирон Цинк
polski Cynk
português Zinco
Runasimi Tsinku, ²Tsink
română Zinc
русский Цинк
slovenčina Zinok
slovenščina Cink
Samoan Sungu
Samogitian Cinks
shqip Zink[u]
српски Цинк
Southern Sotho Senke
svenska Zink
Kiswahili Zinki, ²Bati
தமிழ் நாகம்
Tajik Руҳ
ไทย สังกะสี
Türkçe Çinko
ئۇيغۇرچە سىنك
українська Цинк
o‘zbek Rux
Tiếng Việt Kẽm
Võro Tsink
中文

History

Discovered In
1500
Discovered By
Andreas Marggraf
Discovered At
Germany
Word Origin
From the German word "zink"