Lead (Pb)

General Properties

Symbol Pb
Atomic Number 82
Atomic Weight 207.2
Group
14 (carbon family)
IVB (IUPAC), IVA (CAS)
Solid, Diamagnetic, Conductor, Metal, Stable, Natural, Poor Metal
Period 6
Block p

Physical Properties

Density 11.4 g/cm3
Atomic Volume 18.3 cm3/mole
Atomic Radius 1.75 angstroms
Covalent Radius 175 pm
Crust Abundance 0.00099%
Crystal Structure Cubic: Face centered
Color Slate Gray

Energy

Electronegativity 2.3 (Pauling Scale)
Electron Affinity 35.1 kJ/mol
1st Ionization Energy 723 kJ/mol
2nd Ionization Energy 1450.5 kJ/mol
3rd Ionization Energy 3081.5 kJ/mol
4th Ionization Energy 4083 kJ/mol
5th Ionization Energy 6640 kJ/mol
Specific Heat Capacity 0.129 J g−1 K−1
Thermal Conductivity 35.3 W·m−1·K−1

Electrons & Oxidation

Oxidation States +2,4
Electrons Per Shell 2 8 18 32 18 4
Electron Configuration [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
Orbital Diagram
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3s
↿⇂
3p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4s
↿⇂
4p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4f
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
5s
↿⇂
5p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
5d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
5f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6s
↿⇂
6p
↿ 
↿ 
 
6d
 
 
 
 
 
6f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

Radioactive No

Media

Planetary Bohr Model of Lead (Pb)
Lewis Dot Diagram of Lead (Pb)
Description
Very soft, highly malleable and ductile, blue-white shiny metal.
Uses
Used in solder, shielding against radiation and in batteries.
Sources
Found most often in ores called galena or lead sulfide (PbS). Some is found in its native state.
Pronounciation (English)
LED

Translations

Afrikaans Lood
Aragonese Plomo
العربية رصاص
Armãneashte Plumbu
asturianu Plomu
azərbaycan dili Qurğuşun
български Олово
বাংলা লেড
brezhoneg Plom
bosanski Olovo
Byelorussian Цвінец
Cebuano Plomo
čeština Olovo
Chuvash Хура тăхлан
Cymraeg Plom
dansk Bly
Deutsch Blei
Ελληνικά Μολυβδος
English Lead
esperanto Plumbo
español Plomo
eesti Plii
euskara Beruna
فارسی سرب
suomi Lyijy
føroyskt Blýggj
français Plomb
furlan Plomp
West-Frysk Lead
Gaeilge Luaidhe
Gàidhlig Luaidh
galego Chumbo
ગુજરાતી સીસુંનો
Gaelg Leoaie
Hakka Chinese Yèn (鉛)
עברית עופרת
हिन्दी सीसा
hrvatski Olovo
magyar ólom
հայերեն Կապար
Indonesia Timbal
íslenska Blý
italiano Piombo
日本語
ქართული ტყვია
کٲشُر Òłów
қазақ тілі Къоргъасын
한국어
Kurdish Sirb, Sirîç
Komi Ширысь
kernewek Plom
кыргызча --
Latin Plumbum
Lëtzebuergesch Bläi
Lombard Piuump
lingála Kubéle
lietuvių Švinas
latviešu Svins
Mari Вӱдвулно
Maori Matā
македонски Олово
മലയാളം കറുത്തീയം
монгол Хар тугалга
Мокшан Киви
Bahasa Melayu Plumbum, ²Timbal
Malti Ċomb
Nahuatl Temētztli
Nederlands Lood
norsk Bly
Occitan Plomb
ирон Зды
polski Ołów
português Chumbo
Runasimi Titi, ²Waychi, ³Antaki
română Plumb
русский Свинец
slovenčina Olovo
slovenščina Svinec
Samoan Loto
Samogitian Švins
shqip Plumb
српски Олово
Southern Sotho Loto
svenska Bly
Kiswahili Plumbi, ²Risasi
தமிழ் ஈயம்
Tajik Сурб
ไทย ตะกั่ว
Türkçe Kurşun
ئۇيغۇرچە قوغۇشۇن
українська Свинець
o‘zbek Qoʻrgʻoshin
Tiếng Việt Chì
Võro Plii
中文

History

Discovered In
Discovered By
Discovered At
Word Origin
From the Anglo-Saxon word "lead; Latin, plumbum" (the origin of the symbol Pb is the Latin word "plumbum" meaning "liquid silver"