Nitrogen (N)

General Properties

Symbol N
Atomic Number 7
Atomic Weight 14.0067
Group
15 (nitrogen family)
VB (IUPAC), VA (CAS)
Gas, Diamagnetic, Stable, Natural, Nonmetal
Period 2
Block p

Physical Properties

Density 0.00125 g/cm3
Atomic Volume 17.3 cm3/mole
Atomic Radius 0.92 angstroms
Covalent Radius 75 pm
Crust Abundance 0.002%
Crystal Structure Hexagonal
Color Colorless

Energy

Electronegativity 3.0 (Pauling Scale)
Electron Affinity 7 kJ/mol
1st Ionization Energy 1420 kJ/mol
2nd Ionization Energy 2856 kJ/mol
3rd Ionization Energy 4578.1 kJ/mol
4th Ionization Energy 7475.0 kJ/mol
5th Ionization Energy 9444.9 kJ/mol
6th Ionization Energy 53266.6 kJ/mol
7th Ionization Energy 64360 kJ/mol
Specific Heat Capacity 1.042 J g−1 K−1
Thermal Conductivity 0.02598 W·m−1·K−1

Electrons & Oxidation

Oxidation States -3
Electrons Per Shell 2 5
Electron Configuration [He] 2s2 2p3
1s2 2s2 2p3
Orbital Diagram
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿ 
↿ 
↿ 

Nuclear

Radioactive No

Media

Planetary Bohr Model of Nitrogen (N)
Lewis Dot Diagram of Nitrogen (N)
Description
Colorless, odorless, tasteless, generally inert gas. Fifth most abundant element in the universe. Makes up about 78% of earth's atmosphere.
Uses
Primarily to produce ammonia and other fertilizers. Also used in making nitric acid, which is used in explosives. Also used in welding and enhanced oil recovery.
Sources
Obtained from liquid air by fractional distillation.
Pronounciation (English)
NYE-treh-gen

Translations

Afrikaans Stikstof
Aragonese Nitrochén
العربية نيتروجين
Armãneashte Nitroghenu
asturianu Nitróxenu
azərbaycan dili Azot
български Азот
বাংলা নাইট্রোজেন
brezhoneg Azot, Nitrogen
bosanski Azot, ²Dušik
Byelorussian Азот
Cebuano Nitrógeno
čeština Dusík
Chuvash Азот
Cymraeg Nitrogen
dansk Nitrogen, Kvælstof
Deutsch Stickstoff
Ελληνικά Αζωτο
English Nitrogen
esperanto Nitrogeno
español Nitrógeno
eesti Lämmastik
euskara Nitrogenoa
فارسی نیتروژن
suomi Typpi
føroyskt Køvievni
français Azote
furlan Azot
West-Frysk Stikstof
Gaeilge Nítrigin
Gàidhlig Nìtrigin
galego Nitróxeno
ગુજરાતી નાઇટ્રોજન
Gaelg Neetragien
Hakka Chinese Tham (氮)
עברית חנקן
हिन्दी नाइट्रोजन
hrvatski Dušik
magyar Nitrogén
հայերեն Ազոտ
Indonesia Nitrogen
íslenska Nitur, ²Köfnunarefni
italiano Azoto
日本語 窒素
ქართული აზოტი
کٲشُر Tãcheń
қазақ тілі Азот
한국어 질소
Kurdish Nîtrojen, Azot
Komi Азот
kernewek Nytrojen
кыргызча Азот
Latin Nitrogenium
Lëtzebuergesch Stéckstoff
Lombard Azòot
lingála Azoti
lietuvių Azotas
latviešu Slāpeklis
Mari Азот
Maori Hauota
македонски Азот
മലയാളം നൈട്രജന്‍
монгол Азот
Мокшан Азота
Bahasa Melayu Nitrogen
Malti Najtroġin, ²Ażotu
Nahuatl Ehēcatehuiltic
Nederlands Stikstof
norsk Nitrogen
Occitan Azòt
ирон Азот
polski Azot
português Nitrogénio
Runasimi Qullpachaq, ²Nitruhinu
română Azot, ²Nitrogen
русский Азот
slovenčina Dusík
slovenščina Dušik
Samoan Swariskotriki
Samogitian Azuots
shqip Azot
српски Азот
Southern Sotho Naetrojene
svenska Kväve
Kiswahili Nitrojeni
தமிழ் நைதரசன்
Tajik Нитроген
ไทย ไนโตรเจน
Türkçe Azot
ئۇيغۇرچە ئازوت
українська Азот
o‘zbek Azot
Tiếng Việt Nitơ
Võro Hüdsäsnik
中文

History

Discovered In
1772
Discovered By
Daniel Rutherford
Discovered At
Scotland
Word Origin
From the Greek words "nitron genes" meaning "nitre" and "forming" and the Latin word "nitrum"