Dysprosium (Dy)

General Properties

Symbol Dy
Atomic Number 66
Atomic Weight 162.5
Group
(Lanthanoids)
Solid, Paramagnetic, Conductor, Lanthanide, Stable, Natural
Period 6
Block f

Physical Properties

Density 8.55 g/cm3
Atomic Volume 19.0 cm3/mole
Atomic Radius 1.8 angstroms
Covalent Radius --
Crust Abundance 0.00062%
Crystal Structure Hexagonal
Color Silver

Energy

Electronegativity 1.2 (Pauling Scale)
Electron Affinity 50 kJ/mol
1st Ionization Energy 573 kJ/mol
2nd Ionization Energy 1130 kJ/mol
3rd Ionization Energy 2200 kJ/mol
4th Ionization Energy 3990 kJ/mol
Specific Heat Capacity 0.173 J g−1 K−1
Thermal Conductivity 10.7 W·m−1·K−1

Electrons & Oxidation

Oxidation States 3
Electrons Per Shell 2 8 18 28 8 2
Electron Configuration [Xe] 4f10 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6 4f10 6s2
Orbital Diagram
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3s
↿⇂
3p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4s
↿⇂
4p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4f
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿ 
↿ 
↿ 
↿ 
5s
↿⇂
5p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
5d
 
 
 
 
 
5f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6s
↿⇂
6p
 
 
 
6d
 
 
 
 
 
6f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

Radioactive No

Media

Planetary Bohr Model of Dysprosium (Dy)
Lewis Dot Diagram of Dysprosium (Dy)
Description
Soft, lustrous, silvery metal.
Uses
Its uses are limited to the experimental and esoteric.
Sources
Usually found with erbium, holmium and other rare earths in some minerals such as monazite sand, which is often 50% rare earth by weight.
Pronounciation (English)
dis-PRO-si-em

Translations

Afrikaans Disprosium
Aragonese Disprosio
العربية ديسبروسيوم
Armãneashte Disproziumu
asturianu Disprosiu
azərbaycan dili Disprozium
български Диспросий
বাংলা ডিসপ্রোসিয়াম
brezhoneg Disproziom
bosanski Dysprosijum, ²Disprozij
Byelorussian Дыспрозій
Cebuano Disprosyo
čeština Dysprosium
Chuvash Диспрози
Cymraeg Disprosi
dansk Dysprosium
Deutsch Dysprosium
Ελληνικά Δυσπροσιο
English Dysprosium
esperanto Disprozio
español Disprósio
eesti Düsproosium
euskara Disprosioa
فارسی دیسپروزیم
suomi Dysprosium
føroyskt Dysprosium
français Dysprosium
furlan Disprosi
West-Frysk Dysprosium
Gaeilge Diospróisiam
Gàidhlig Diospròisiam
galego Disprosio
ગુજરાતી ડિસ્પ્રોઝિયમનો
Gaelg Dysproshum
Hakka Chinese Tit (鏑)
עברית דיספרוסיום
हिन्दी डिस्प्रोसियम
hrvatski Disprozij
magyar Diszprózium
հայերեն Դիսպրոզիում
Indonesia Disprosium
íslenska Dysprósín
italiano Disprosio
日本語 ジスプロシウム
ქართული დისპროზიუმი
کٲشُر Dispóz
қазақ тілі Диспрозий
한국어 디스프로슘
Kurdish Disprosyûm
Komi Диспрозий
kernewek Dysprosyum
кыргызча Диспрозий
Latin Dysprosium
Lëtzebuergesch Dysprosium
Lombard Disprúsi
lingála Diposu
lietuvių Disprozis
latviešu Disprozijs
Mari Диспрозий
Maori Dysprosium
македонски Диспрозиум
മലയാളം ഡിസ്പ്രോസിയം
монгол Диспрози
Мокшан Диспрози
Bahasa Melayu Disprosium
Malti Disprożjum, ²Disprosju
Nahuatl Disprosio
Nederlands Dysprosium
norsk Dysprosium
Occitan Dispròsi
ирон Диспрозий
polski Dyspoz
português Disprósio
Runasimi Disprosyu
română Disprosiu
русский Диспрозий
slovenčina Dysprosium
slovenščina Disprozij
Samoan Disprosimi
Samogitian Dėspruozis
shqip Disporz, ²Dysprosiumi
српски Диспрозијум
Southern Sotho Disprosiamo
svenska Dysprosium
Kiswahili Disprosi
தமிழ் டைஸ்புரோக்யம்
Tajik Диспрозий
ไทย ดิสโพรเซียม
Türkçe Disprosyum
ئۇيغۇرچە دىسپروزىي
українська Диспрозій
o‘zbek Disproziy
Tiếng Việt Đysprosi, Đisprozi
Võro Düsproosium
中文

History

Discovered In
1886
Discovered By
Paul Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran
Discovered At
France
Word Origin
From the Greek word "dysprositos" meaning "hard to obtain"