Carbon (C)

General Properties

Symbol C
Atomic Number 6
Atomic Weight 12.0107
Group
14 (carbon family)
IVB (IUPAC), IVA (CAS)
Solid, Diamagnetic, Conductor, Stable, Natural, Nonmetal
Period 2
Block p

Physical Properties

Density 2.25 g/cm3
Atomic Volume 5.3 cm3/mole
Atomic Radius 0.91 angstroms
Covalent Radius 77 pm
Crust Abundance 0.18%
Crystal Structure Hexagonal
Color Black

Energy

Electronegativity 2.6 (Pauling Scale)
Electron Affinity 153.9 kJ/mol
1st Ionization Energy 1086 kJ/mol
2nd Ionization Energy 2352.6 kJ/mol
3rd Ionization Energy 4620.5 kJ/mol
4th Ionization Energy 6222.7 kJ/mol
5th Ionization Energy 37831 kJ/mol
6th Ionization Energy 47277.0 kJ/mol
Specific Heat Capacity 0.709 J g−1 K−1
Thermal Conductivity 155.0 W·m−1·K−1

Electrons & Oxidation

Oxidation States ±4
Electrons Per Shell 2 4
Electron Configuration [He] 2s2 2p2
1s2 2s2 2p2
Orbital Diagram
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿ 
↿ 
 

Nuclear

Radioactive No

Media

Planetary Bohr Model of Carbon (C)
Lewis Dot Diagram of Carbon (C)
Description
Allotropic forms include diamonds and graphite. Sixth most abundant element in the universe.
Uses
For making steel, in filters, and many more uses. Radiocarbon dating uses the carbon-14 isotope to date old objects.
Sources
Made by burning organic compounds with insufficient oxygen.
Pronounciation (English)
KAR-ben

Translations

Afrikaans Koolstof
Aragonese Carbonio
العربية كربون
Armãneashte Carbune or Cãrbune
asturianu Carbonu
azərbaycan dili Karbon
български Въглерод
বাংলা কার্বন
brezhoneg Karbon
bosanski Karbon, ²Ugljik
Byelorussian Вуглярод
Cebuano Carbono
čeština Uhlík
Chuvash Углерод
Cymraeg Carboni
dansk Carbon, Kulstof
Deutsch Kohlenstoff
Ελληνικά Ανθρακας
English Carbon
esperanto Karbono
español Carbono
eesti Süsinik
euskara Karbonoa
فارسی کربن
suomi Hiili
føroyskt Kolevni
français Carbone
furlan Carboni
West-Frysk Koalstof
Gaeilge Carbón
Gàidhlig Carbon
galego Carbono
ગુજરાતી કાર્બન
Gaelg Carboan
Hakka Chinese Than (碳)
עברית פחמן
हिन्दी कार्बन
hrvatski Ugljik
magyar Szén
հայերեն Ածխածին
Indonesia Karbon
íslenska Kolefni
italiano Carbonio
日本語 炭素
ქართული ნახშირბადი
کٲشُر Wãdźel
қазақ тілі Көміртек
한국어 탄소
Kurdish Karbon
Komi Шомчужысь
kernewek Carbon
кыргызча Көмур
Latin Carbonium
Lëtzebuergesch Kuelestoff
Lombard Carbòni
lingála Kaboni
lietuvių Anglis
latviešu Ogleklis
Mari Шӱйдӱҥ
Maori Waro
македонски Јаглерод
മലയാളം കാര്‍ബണ്‍
монгол Нүүрстөрөгч
Мокшан Седиль
Bahasa Melayu Karbon
Malti Karbon, ²Karbonju
Nahuatl Tecolli
Nederlands Koolstof
norsk Karbon
Occitan Carbòni
ирон Æвзалыгуыр
polski Węgiel
português Carbono
Runasimi K'illimsayaq, ²Karbunu
română Carbon, ²Cărbune
русский Углерод
slovenčina Uhlík
slovenščina Ogljik
Samoan Koroskotriki
Samogitian Onglis
shqip Karbon
српски Угљеник
Southern Sotho Khabone
svenska Kol
Kiswahili Kaboni
தமிழ் காபன்
Tajik Карбон
ไทย คาร์บอน
Türkçe Karbon
ئۇيغۇرچە كاربون
українська Вуглець
o‘zbek Uglerod
Tiếng Việt Cacbon
Võro Süsinik
中文

History

Discovered In
Discovered By
Discovered At
Word Origin
From the Latin word "carbo" meaning "charcoal"