Ytterbium (Yb)

General Properties

Symbol Yb
Atomic Number 70
Atomic Weight 173.04
Group
(Lanthanoids)
Solid, Conductor, Lanthanide, Stable, Natural
Period 6
Block f

Physical Properties

Density 6.97 g/cm3
Atomic Volume 24.8 cm3/mole
Atomic Radius 1.94 angstroms
Covalent Radius --
Crust Abundance 0.00028%
Crystal Structure Cubic: Face centered
Color Silver

Energy

Electronegativity (Pauling Scale)
Electron Affinity 50 kJ/mol
1st Ionization Energy 603 kJ/mol
2nd Ionization Energy 1174.8 kJ/mol
3rd Ionization Energy 2417 kJ/mol
4th Ionization Energy 4203 kJ/mol
Specific Heat Capacity 0.155 J g−1 K−1
Thermal Conductivity 34.9 W·m−1·K−1

Electrons & Oxidation

Oxidation States +3,2
Electrons Per Shell 2 8 18 32 8 2
Electron Configuration [Xe] 4f14 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6 4f14 6s2
Orbital Diagram
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3s
↿⇂
3p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4s
↿⇂
4p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4f
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
5s
↿⇂
5p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
5d
 
 
 
 
 
5f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6s
↿⇂
6p
 
 
 
6d
 
 
 
 
 
6f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

Radioactive No

Media

Planetary Bohr Model of Ytterbium (Yb)
Lewis Dot Diagram of Ytterbium (Yb)
Description
Silvery, lustrous, malleable, and ductile metal.
Uses
Used in metallurgical and chemical experiments.
Sources
Found in minerals such as yttria, monazite, gadolinite, and xenotime. Monazite is often 50% rare earth by weight and typically 0.03% ytterbium.
Pronounciation (English)
i-TUR-bi-em

Translations

Afrikaans Itterbium
Aragonese Iterbio
العربية يتربيوم
Armãneashte Iterbiumu
asturianu Iterbiu
azərbaycan dili İtterbium
български Итербий
বাংলা ইটারবিয়াম
brezhoneg Iterbiom
bosanski Ytterbijum, ²Iterbij
Byelorussian Iтэрбій
Cebuano Iterbyo
čeština Ytterbium
Chuvash Иттерби
Cymraeg Iterbi
dansk Ytterbium
Deutsch Ytterbium
Ελληνικά Υττερβιο
English Ytterbium
esperanto Iterbio
español Itérbio
eesti üterbium
euskara Iterbioa
فارسی ایتربیم
suomi Ytterbium
føroyskt Ytterbium
français Ytterbium
furlan Iterbi
West-Frysk Ytterbium
Gaeilge Itéirbiam
Gàidhlig Itèirbiam
galego Iterbio
ગુજરાતી ઇટર્બિયમનો
Gaelg Ytterbium
Hakka Chinese Yi (鐿)
עברית איטרביום
हिन्दी यिट्टरबियम
hrvatski Iterbij
magyar Itterbium
հայերեն Իտերբիում
Indonesia Iterbium
íslenska Ytterbín
italiano Itterbio
日本語 イッテルビウム
ქართული იტერბიუმი
کٲشُر Éterb
қазақ тілі Иттербий
한국어 이테르븀, 2이터븀
Kurdish İtterbiyûm
Komi Иттербий
kernewek Yterbyum
кыргызча Иттербий
Latin Ytterbium
Lëtzebuergesch Ytterbium
Lombard Itèrbi
lingála Yetibu (Y?)
lietuvių Iterbis
latviešu Iterbijs
Mari Иттербий
Maori Ytterbium
македонски Итербиум
മലയാളം യിറ്റെര്‍ബിയം
монгол Иттерби
Мокшан Итерби
Bahasa Melayu Yterbium
Malti Itterbju[m]
Nahuatl Iterbio
Nederlands Ytterbium
norsk Ytterbium
Occitan Itterbi
ирон Иттербий
polski Iterb
português Itérbio
Runasimi Iterbyu
română Yterbiu
русский Иттербий
slovenčina Ytterbium
slovenščina Iterbij
Samoan Itetrobimi
Samogitian Iterbis
shqip Iterb, ²Ytterbiumi
српски Итербијум
Southern Sotho Ytterbiamo
svenska Ytterbium
Kiswahili Yitebi
தமிழ் --
Tajik Иттербий
ไทย อิตเทอร์เบียม
Türkçe İtterbiyum
ئۇيغۇرچە ئىتتېربىي
українська Iтербій
o‘zbek Itterbiy
Tiếng Việt Ytecbi
Võro üterbium
中文

History

Discovered In
1878
Discovered By
Jean de Marignac
Discovered At
Switzerland
Word Origin
Named after the village of "Ytterby" near Vaxholm in Sweden