Mercury (Hg)

Symbol Hg
Atomic Number 80
Atomic Weight 200.59
Group 12 (zinc family)
IIB (Old IUPAC), IIB (CAS)
Period 6
Block d

Planetary Bohr Model of Hg

Physical Properties

Density 13.5 g/cm3
Atomic Volume 14.8 cm3/mole
Atomic Radius 1.6 angstroms
Covalent Radius pm
Radioactive No

States

Melting Point -38.9 °C
Boiling Point 357.0 °C
Heat Of Fusion 2.292 kJ/mole
Heat Of Vaporization 59.3 kJ/mole

Energy

Electronegativity 2.0 (Pauling Scale)
Electron Affinity -18 kJ/mol
1st Ionization Energy 1007 kJ/mol
Specific Heat Capacity 0.14 J g−1 K−1
Thermal Conductivity 8.34 W·m−1·K−1

Electrons and Oxidation

Oxidation States +2,1
Electrons Per Shell 2 8 18 32 18 2
Electron Configuration [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2

Translations

English Mercury
Deutsch Quecksilber
Lëtzebuergesch Queckslwer
Nederlands Kwik (Kwikzilver )
Afrikaans Kwik
Frysk Kwik, Kwiksulver
Dansk Kvikslv
Svenska Kvicksilver
Norsk Kvikkslv
Íslenska Kvikasilfur
Føroysk Kviksilvur
Latin Hydrargyrum
Français Mercure
Español Mercurio
Catalana Mercuri
Occitana Mercuri
Português Mercrio
Galego Mercurio
Italiano Mercurio
Furlan Mercuri
Român Mercur
Moldavian Mercur
Armãneashte Mercuru
Русский ?????
Українска ?????
Byelorussian ?????
Polska Rt??
Kaszëbsczi T?
Čech Rtu?
Slovenský Ortut
Slovenščina ivo srebro
Hrvatska iva
Српски ????
Bosnian iva
Македонски ????
Български ?????
Lietuviškai Gyvsidabris
Lao Dz?vsudrabs
Sudovian G?vsirablis
Cymraeg Mercwri
Gaeilge na hÉireann Mearcair
Gàidhlig na h Mearcair
Gaelg Vanninagh Mercur
Cornish Arhans Bew
Brezhoneg Merkur
Ελληνική ??????????
Shqip Mrkur
Ossetian ???????
Euskera Merkurioa
Georgian ???????? ?????
Suomi Elohopea
Eesti Elavhbe
Magyar Higany
Türkçe Civa
Kazakh ?????
Uzbek ?????
Tajik Simob
Mongolian (?????) ?????? ??
日本語 ?? [suigin]
中国话 ?
ไทย ????
Vietnamese Thuy? ngn
Bahasa Melayu Merkuri, Raksa
العربيه ????
Il-Malti Merkurju
עברית ?????
Esperanto Hidrargo

History

Discovered In
Discovered By
Discovered At
Word Origin
Named after the planet "Mercury" (the origin of the symbol Hg is the Latin word "hydrargyrum" meaning "liquid silver")